Following the penetration of the Greek culture in the 2nd century B.C, Rome has been characterised by the presence of vast green areas. The city became the vouge for rich and noble Romans to attach their names to sumptuos gardens, called Horti.
These fell into decline with the crisis of the Roman Empire, and only a thousand years later, during the Renaissance period, become on of the most concrete symbols of the return to classicism. Between the 16th and 18th centuries popes, cardinals and aristocrats vied with each other to achieve the richest and most beautiful villas in Rome.
The tour begins from Janiculum square where there is an equestrian monument, dedicated to Giuseppe Garibaldi and every day, the hour is “announced” with the firing of an Austrian-Hungarian cannon dating from World War I.
On the slopes of the Janiculum, is situated the wonderful Botanical Garden, created in the Vatican by Pope Nicholas III in the late 13th century. Today the garden contains more than 3,000 species, with a Japanese garden, bamboo groves (one of the most important in Europe), and a Giardino dei Semplici (over 300 species of medicinal plants).
After the visit to the Botanical Garden, we have free time for lunch, in the magnificent Trastevere area.
The visit will resume from the Villa Sciarra, located between the neighborhoods of Trastevere, Gianicolo and Monteverde Vecchio. In the early 19th century the last owners, Mr. and Mrs Wurst, transformed the park into a true paradise, full of rare plants and embellished with an original sculptural decoration coming from an 18th-century Lombard villa.
After crossing the Tiber, continuing along the Lungotevere Aventino, we meet on the right the Clivio di Rocca Savelli, the park of Orange Trees. There is another wonderful panoramic viewpoint, will gladden your day. Near the Orange Garden we find the Basilica of Saint Sabina is a historical church on the Aventine Hill in Rome. This church was built by Peter of Illyria, a Dalmatian priest, between 422 and 432 near a temple of Juno on the Aventine Hill in Rome and was also the seat of a conclave in 1287.
Descendind along the Via del Circo Massimo, the tour will finish at the Villa Celimontana, created in the 16th century by the noble Mattei family.
Prices vary by group
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