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In 1878, at the death of Victor Emmanuel II, who had assumed the title of king of Italy in 1861 with the creation of the Italian State, the Parliament decided to build, in Rome, a monument dedicated to the first king of unified Italy, thus called Vittoriano (from "Victor").
All along the walls of the staircase leading to the Museum, there are numerous engravings that illustrate the events which prepared the Risorgimento, from the diffusion of the ideals of the French Revolution to the evoking of the exploits of Napoleon: in general, these are symbolic depictions which sometimes take up themes from the classical antiquity and turn them into allegories of modern history. The first section of the Museum is dedicated to the chief protagonists of the Risorgimento.
Big caskets expose relics, paintings and documents concerning Garibaldi, Mazzini and Cavour, while parallel sections illustrate other figures associated with the history of the 19th century. The gallery is divided into single sections pivoting on the major stages of the Risorgimento struggles: from the Restoration, which followed the fall of Napoleon, to 1848; from the Roman Republic set up in 1849 to the exploits of the Thousand (1860), to the rejoining of Rome to Italy (1870).
Entrance: Via dei Fori Imperiali\via San Pietro in Carcere
Opening hours: every days from 09:30 a.m to 6:30 p.m
Last admission 45 minutes before closing time.
Closed: The first monday of each month